abjure, adjure
Abjure means ‘to renounce on oath’

• (He had abjured, he thought, all superstitions —Iris Murdoch, 1985)

and to abjure one's country (or realm) is to swear to abandon it for ever. It is also used in the weakened sense ‘to renounce’

• (Are faculty members willing to abjure e-mail in communicating with their students and colleagues? —The Nation, 2002 [OEC]).

By contrast, adjure means ‘to request earnestly’ with or (now) more frequently without an oath (They were all talking at once, adjuring each other to have fresh cups of tea). Neither word is in everyday use, but they are found in literature and can cause confusion when wrongly used.

Modern English usage. 2014.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Adjure — Ad*jure , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Adjured}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Adjuring}]. [L. adjurare, adjurdium, to swear to; later, to adjure: cf. F. adjurer. See {Jury}.] To charge, bind, or command, solemnly, as if under oath, or under the penalty of a curse;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adjure — I verb administer an oath, affirm, appeal to, ask, attest, beseech, bid, bind, call, charge, command, conjure, declare, enjoin, entreat, enunciate, exhort, express, formulate, implore, imprecate, petition, plead, pray, prescribe, press, pressure …   Law dictionary

  • adjuré — adjuré, ée (a dju ré, rée) part. passé. Adjuré de dire ce qu il savait …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • adjure — (v.) late 14c., to bind by oath; to question under oath, from L. adjurare confirm by oath, add an oath, to swear to in addition, in L.L. to put (someone) to an oath, from ad to (see AD (Cf. ad )) + jurare swear, from jus (gen. juris) law (see… …   Etymology dictionary

  • adjure — entreat, *beg, beseech, implore, importune, supplicate Analogous words: pray, plead, appeal (see under PRAYER): request, *ask: bid, enjoin, charge, *command …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • adjure — [v] command beseech, charge, entreat, implore, obligate, order, require, supplicate; concept 53 …   New thesaurus

  • adjure — ► VERB formal ▪ solemnly urge to do something. ORIGIN Latin adjurare, from ad to + jurare swear …   English terms dictionary

  • adjure — [ə joor′] vt. adjured, adjuring [ME adjuren < L adjurare < ad , to + jurare: see JURY1] 1. to command or charge solemnly, often under oath or penalty 2. to entreat solemnly; appeal to earnestly adjuratory [ad joor′ə tôr΄ē; a joor′ə tôr΄ē, ə …   English World dictionary

  • adjure — v. (formal) (H) to adjure smb. to tell the truth * * * [ə dʒʊə] (formal) (H) to adjure smb. to tell the truth …   Combinatory dictionary

  • adjure — See abjure. See abjure, adjure …   Dictionary of problem words and expressions

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